Off-Grid solar/wind systems

Such systems can be used for residential, industrial, remote clinics and health centers, small to medium commercial applications. Off-grid systems usually requires some kind of storage, such as batteries. Off-grid systems can be hybrid of solar, wind, and/or biomass – with or without generator backup.

The output voltage depends on the power needs, system size and the application of the system, and ranges from 12V DC output to 110V/220V/400V/480V or higher AC output. Typical off-grid schematic layouts are shown below.